Unlike oil or propane furnaces and electric-resistance baseboard heaters, heat pumps use renewable natural gas  commonly called “natural” to warm and cool your home. They also do more to reduce carbon emissions and energy waste than most other traditional heating methods. That’s why new federal tax credits and state rebates encourage homeowners to install these efficient heating systems.

You’ll pay more upfront for a heat pump system than for a traditional gas furnace and air conditioning installation, but you’ll save money in the long run by using less fossil fuel. Plus, a heat pump has a longer lifespan than many other types of heating systems.

A reputable HVAC contractor should do an air-conditioning load calculation before installing a new heat pump, whether replacing an existing system or adding it to your home. The load calculation should be based on your town’s design temperatures, the size of your home, and your heating and cooling loads measured in Btu/hr. A contractor should also perform a duct leakage test before any work is done, and a thermal imaging scan of your house to find any areas where there may be air leaks.

Then, the contractor should select a model with an HSPF and SEER rating https://www.eheatcool.com/services/heating/heat-pumps/ that matches your home and budget. Most Carrier residential heat pumps are Energy Star qualified, and some models have a high enough HSPF and SEER rating to qualify for local utility rebates.

Once the contractor installs your new heat pump, it should be inspected and tuned up regularly by a professional. A trained technician can make sure that your airflow is optimal, inspect the compressor and blower for any debris or corrosion, and replace worn parts. Performing regular maintenance can also help to keep your energy costs low by ensuring that the system runs at peak efficiency.

Heat pumps run almost all the time to both heat and cool your home, so they’re subject to a lot of wear and tear. If you notice a rattling noise or odor, rising energy costs, inconsistent indoor temperatures, or short running cycles, you should contact a repair technician right away to avoid further damage or a breakdown.

A heat pump company that specializes in the care of these efficient heating systems will be best-equipped to diagnose and fix problems. A good heat pump contractor should offer preventative maintenance services, including cleaning and flushing the coils, inspecting the drainage system, and vacuuming the blower compartments. They should also inspect the refrigerant levels and check for proper electrical connections.

When selecting a heat pump company, ask for referrals from neighbors, friends, or business associates. Look for contractors with a good reputation and plenty of experience. A reputable contractor should also be licensed and insured. Some states require that a permit be pulled before beginning any work on your home’s heating or cooling system. Your local building department can tell you more about permitting requirements in your area.